Prevention and mitigation in Risk Management of natural origin
Prevention and mitigation in Risk Management of natural origin try to reduce risks and, in the event that some phenomenon translates into a disaster, does not cause damage with all the intensity that it could.
With risk prevention, measures are applied to prevent an event from becoming a disaster. With risk mitigation, actions are applied to reduce vulnerability to certain hazards. In this sense, it should be noted that the reference standard in this area is ISO 31000.
With Risk Management, governments develop and execute public policies to reduce risk levels. The prevention and mitigation of risks of natural origin can be carried out through the following elements, among others:
- Construction regulations.
- Territorial planning.
- Civil works to reduce dangerous levels.
- Public politics.
- Risk Atlas
The Risk Atlas
The Risk Atlas is made up of different maps that identify the levels of danger, vulnerability, and risk to which a community is exposed. Based on the information provided by this tool, decisions can be made for prevention and mitigation. This Risk Management tool also allows for estimating economic losses, damage to the population, damage to infrastructure, goods, and services.
The Risk Atlas “identifies the areas susceptible to receiving damage from the onslaught of natural phenomena, and includes an annex that lists the mitigation measures prior to the occurrence of a catastrophe,
which serves to avoid damage, minimize it or resist it in better conditions”, according to the Government of Mexico. Among the benefits of this tool for Risk Management are the following:
- Identify the types of risks of natural origin, the areas they affect, their level of risk and the mitigation measures to be applied.
- Identify areas that can be urbanized without being exposed to risks.
- Understand the danger associated with natural phenomena.
- Know the vulnerability to danger in the area where daily activities are carried out.
- Get information about disasters to be prepared and prevent them.